Knowledge, attitude, practices of road traffic regulations among pedestrians in a university community in Southwestern Nigeria

Olawale Adebayo Olakulehin1, Samuel Anu Olowookere2*, Adeleke Adegboyega Abiodun3, Emmanuel Oladayo Folami4, Joseph Gbenga Omole5, Olusola Olateju Akanbi1, Olamide Ayodeji Asifat2, Damilola Emmanuel Akinloye2, Tobiloba Emmanuel Oyeyemi2, Ayooluwa Joshua Olajubu2

1Department of Surgery, LAUTECH Ogbomosho, Nigeria
2Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
3Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
4Department of Anaesthesia, LAUTECH Teaching hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria
5Department of Physiological Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

ABSTRACT
Background: Road traffic injury is a major cause of trauma and preventable death worldwide. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practices of road traffic regulations among pedestrians at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study of 393 consenting pedestrians that completed a semi-structured questionnaire containing information on their socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of road traffic regulations. Data collected were analysed.
Results: Mean age of the study participants was 25.1 (7.3) years ranging 18 to 63 years. Majority were young (82.7%), males (63.1%), single (85.8%), undergraduate students (73.3%), Christians (78.9%) and of Yoruba ethnicity (82.2%). Although most respondents were aware of road traffic regulations, they displayed poor knowledge, negative attitude and poor practices towards the regulations. The significant factors associated with good knowledge include age 40 years and above (OR-2.94, 95%CI= 1.25-6.90, p=0.013), male gender (OR=1.95, 95%CI=1.21-3.14, p=0.006), being a university staff (OR=1.98, 95%CI=1.16-3.38, p=0.012), tertiary education (OR=1.90, 95%CI=1.13-3.20, p=0.016), and higher income (OR=3.45, 95%CI=2.17-5.49, p=0.0001).
Conclusion: Poor knowledge, negative attitude and poor practices towards road traffic regulations were reported among pedestrians. It is necessary to increase knowledge of safety education to enhance compliance with road traffic regulations among pedestrians.

Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Road traffic regulations. Pedestrians, University community

Cite this article:
Olakulehin O. A., Olowookere S. A., Abiodun A. A., Folami E. O., Omole J. G., Akanbi O. O., Asifat O. A., Akinloye D. E., Oyeyemi T. E., Olajubu A. J. (2019). Knowledge, attitude, practices of road traffic regulations among pedestrians in a university community in Southwestern Nigeria. European International Journal of Science and Technology, 8(3), 41-56.