Shared Sanitation Facilities: Challenges of Access

Elizabeth Wangui Muoria 1 and Wilkister Nyaora Moturi2

1PhD Student at the Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536 Egerton, Njoro
2Professor at the Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536, Egerton, Njoro

Shared sanitation by households is in a class of its own. This classification was necessitated by the fact that some of the shared facilities are structurally classified as improved sanitation. This paper describes the findings from a research on what sanitation facilities were available for use in Nakuru Municipality and the surrounding peri-urban area and the challenges faced by households in accessing shared sanitation facilities. Across sectional survey was undertaken. Data was collected from 400 respondents that were randomly selected from the study area. The data was analyzed using qualitative and inferential statistics at 0.5 confidence level. The findings revealed that 50.1% of the households shared a sanitation facility and in some cases one was shared by more than 10 households. Majority (62.5%) of those sharing a sanitation facility used a basic pit latrine that lacked a slab.A total of 70.1 % of households sharing a sanitation facility were headed by females. The most common challenge experienced by a majority (57%) of respondents was uncleanand smelly facilities that discouraged use of these facilities especially by children. This finding is useful to the residents, landlords and the department of housing and planning of the County of Nakuru department of public health for planning and effective management of the sanitation to ensure provision of additional sanitation facilities in order to protect public health.

Key words: Households, peri-urban, shared sanitation, public health

Cite this article:
Cite this article: Muoria, E.W. & Moturi, W.N. (2019). Shared Sanitation Facilities: Challenges of Access. European International Journal of Science and Technology, 8(6), 1-8.