Study of Impact of Orontes River on the Urban Redevelopment for Waterfronts within Hama City

Nadem Hbabh1 , Dr. Tarek Barakat2 and Dr. Marwan Jabbour3

1 (PHD) Student at Department of Urban Planning and Environmental, Faculty of Architectural,
Tishreen University Lattakia- Syria
E-mail: nadimhbabah@gmail.com
2 Professor Urban Planning and Environmental, Faculty of Architectural, Tishreen University,
Lattakia-Syria
3 Teacher in Urban Planning and Environmental, Faculty of Architectural, Tishreen University, Lattakia-Syria

ABSTRACT
In the second half of the twentieth century, there emerged the redevelopment of river banks in the cities as one of the most important cases of urban design, planning, and other specializations. The chance for improving the social, financial, and economic conditions of big cities. It gained great importance in the studies of many developed countries on the theoretical and practical levels. Waterfronts are considered a part of the open spaces inside cities. They are deemed the most important natural breather to their residents, and their importance come from their being the first place of origin of civilization besides their distinguished location in the center of the city, where they connect the two parts terra firma and water, directing their growth and development construction ally, historically, and culturally. On their banks, there is quite often the first starting point of city origination, which is represented by the old building block.
The main objective of the research is manifested in studying the general trends of analyzing river banks and applying them on the reference study (International and Arabic experiences in the field of planning uses of the lands bordering on the rivers), then deducting the group of governing factors in order to raise the efficiency of land uses in riverine cities , which take into account all the variables influencing those experiences, collecting them, and classifying them in the light of the indicators and results of the analytical study, and then applying them to the city of Hama, noting that some of these experiences have their regional specificity , and some are general and can be applied to any other region.
Considering that the flowing order of the Orontes, and the nature of its precipitation have played an important role in selecting the old and current settlement sites of Hama city as a result of its attracting all kinds of activities, being the nature’s most important space inside the city, this research will tackle by observation and analysis uses of the lands bordering the Orontes over the whole area of Hama cityran through by the river, whether that part of which opposing the river or within adjacent urban structure.

Key words: Waterfronts, Urban Redevelopment, The Orontes, Hama City

Cite this article:
Hbabh, N., Barakat, T. & Jabbour, M.(2019). Study of Impact of Orontes River on the Urban Redevelopment For Waterfronts Within Hama City. European International Journal of Science and Technology, 8(10), 72-94.