THE EFFECT OF LASER IRRADIATION IN SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL –A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

Paulina Grinkevičiūtė1, Gintarė Povilaitytė2, Jolanta Siudikienė2

1Private practice, Lithuania; 2Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Medical Academy, Faculty of Odontology, Department of Dental and Oral Pathology, Lithuania

ABSTRACT Objectives: Objectives of this study were to compare the impact of ultrasound and laser on the removal of the adhesive layer. Find out whether lasers activate the ability of irrigation solutions to remove the adhesive layer. Also compare different laser systems their efficiency. Methods: a review of the literature in PubMed (MEDLINE) database and the Cochrane library. Keywords used and their combinations: smear layer, diode laser, Er:YAG, Nd:YAG, LAI, Er,Cr:YSGG. Search was done using PRISMA criteria. Results: Of the 660 articles, 10 publications from 2014 through to March 2019 met the inclusion criteria. Laser systems together with irrigation solutions is more effective in removing the smear layer than using ultrasonic activation. There was one article that states the opposite. Conclusions: The application of laser system can be a more effective way to remove the smear layer than ultrasound activation.

Key words: smear layer, diode laser, Er:YAG, Nd:YAG, LAI, Er,Cr:YSGG.

Cite this article: Grinkevičiūtė, P., Povilaitytė, G. & Siudikienė, J. (2019). The Effect Of Laser Irradiation In Smear Layer Removal –A Review Of The Literature. European International Journal of Science and Technology, 8(3), 72-84.