The Inner Courtyards as a Wayfinding Landmark in the Intelligibility of the Mental Image Case Study: university colleges buildings

Maysoon khaled Jendy1 , Hani Wadah2 and Roula Ntefeh3

1 PhD student at Department of Architectural Design, Faculty of Architecture, Tishreen University,
Latakia- Syria. E-mail: maysoon_2100@yahoo.com
2 Professor at Department of Architectural Design, Faculty of Architecture, Tishreen University,
Latakia- Syria.E-mail: haniwadah@yahoo.com
3 Doctor at Department of Architectural Design, Faculty of Architecture, Tishreen University,
Latakia- Syria. E-mail: roula-ntefeh-2@hotmail.com

ABSTRACT
The concept of Intelligibility of the mental image in many scientific fields such as psychology and geography, in addition to architectural design because of its importance and wide-ranging impact, where This concept is used to solve the difficulties of the wayfinding for new and frequent users to reach the desired spatial space. However, but studies did not address the importance of courtyards as aninner reference landmark in formation of the physical aspect of the mental image of each building to its users (students, professors and administrators), and at the same time it is considered as their means to navigate to the various public and private spaces in the college building.
In an attempt to find the type of the relation between changing the design characteristics of the inner courtyards and the Intelligibility of the mental image of the recipient for their importance in determining the positions of the elements in the building, and based on the hypotheses of the research and to achieve its objectives The “Space Syntax” calculation method for determining numerical weights of the building’s spatial structure, where these weights express the relative strength of the structure parts, and using comparative analysis between the university colleges’ buildings, a set of conclusions and recommendations were reached to help the designer to achieve the mental image Intelligibility of the user by repositioning the inner courtyards in the university colleges’ buildings.

Key words: Mental Image – Space Syntax – Inner Courtyards-University Colleges

Cite this article:
Jendy, M.k. , Wadah, H. & Ntefeh, R. (2019). The Inner Courtyards as a Wayfinding Landmark in the Intelligibility of the Mental Image Case Study: university colleges buildings. European International Journal of Science and Technology, 8(10), 29-44.